Little Koi Disease Guide

A Koi’s health depends on the environment provided by you, the koi pond owner. Koi fish have a high resistance generally, but the stressful conditions can break down the immune system, as in humans. A stressed koi fish becomes sick. Prevention is much more easier than treating your koi fish.

Some causes of stress are: high ammonia level in the water,low dissolved oxygen level in the koi pond, not proper handling of koi fish , moving koi fish, poor water quality, too much koi in the pond, parasites, too high or low water temperature, toxic chemicals, sharp edges in and around pond and not proper nutrition.

Disease can be: bacterial, viral, fungal and can caused by parasites also.

Bacterial koi disease can be: Flexibacter Columnaris (fin and tail rot), Aeromonas (hole-in-the-side), Pseudomonas or Vibrio.
One of the principal causes of fish mortality is bacterial disease. Treatment: acriflavin, nitrofurans, oxytetracycline, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, sulfanomides, salt, and so on.

Viral koi diseases can be: unfortunately there is no effective treatment except to remove growths by scraping.

Fungal koi diseases may occur as a secondary infection near some other fish injury. Affects damaged or disturbed fish eggs. Some known treatment: acriflavin, iodine, malachite green, methylene blue, salt or formalin as a bath.

Parasitic koi diseases can be the followings: Lernaea (anchor worm), Argulus (fish lice), Monogenetic Flukes, Ich, Trichophyra or internal parasites.
Most fish carry some parasites. Stress situations or seasonal climatic variations may bring on infection. Treatment: Dylox, Masoten, Demilin, Formalin, Malachite Green, potassium permanganate or salt in the whole koi pond or in a bath.
We can use some chemical treatments as external swabbing, injection, feed or bath in disinfectants 30 to 60 minutes.
External swabbing with antibiotics and/or disinfectants can be very effective.

Partial water changes are very effective also in improving water quality and decreasing stress. You need to use it wisely.

Medical Conditions and Insomnia

There are diseases and medical conditions that can cause insomnia. This is because they either cause physical discomfort or because of hormonal and metabolic imbalance. Anxiety is another factor that brings about insomnia. If you are always conscious and worrying about your disease, you are bound to lose sleep over it.

Hypertension is a disease where the blood pressure is abnormally elevated. The incidence of this disease continues to rise. Before, this used to be found mostly in people with advanced age; but now it can be found even in children and young adults as well. This is attributed to the present lifestyle which became sedentary due to advances in technology. People in the present time eat more and move less and they are exposed to more stress at work, in school and from the environment. One of the symptoms of hypertension is neck pain or numbness and this can hamper sleep.

Another disease that causes insomnia is asthma. The number of asthmatics are also increasing because of stress and environmental pollution. The thing about asthma is that it is related to the body’s biorhythm and is usually exacerbated in the evenings and early morning. And because they have difficulty breathing, they also cannot sleep.

Hyperthyroidism prevents sleep because the high thyroid hormone levels keeps you hyped up even during the night when it should have gone down. Restlessness and tremors are felt even at night. Diabetes is another disease where you easily get hungry even if you eat a lot. You are also thirsty most of the time despite the amount of fluids you drank. Because you drink a lot of liquids, you tend to urinate a lot as well and this will wake you up in the middle of the night.

Skin diseases like skin asthma, winter rash, and other pruritic skin conditions can prevent sleep because of the itchiness. Like asthma, it is worse at night and early morning. The worse thing is that the more you scratch, the more it itches, forming a vicious cycle.

These are just some of the medical condition that can disrupt sleep and eventually cause insomnia. Treating them will help in reducing insomnia as well. If insomnia persists even after the cause is gone, it can be relieved by behavioural therapy and some over the counter drugs.

Declaration of War and My Guide to Fighting Disease

As a victim of autoimmune disease myself, I can certainly tell you that trying to fight it or even remain in a general ”healthy” state is not an easy task. After being diagnosed with the ”Behcet’s Syndrome” my life quickly fell to pieces. At the very tender and wonderful age of 22 were my dreams for life and general expectations were huge, and my hunger for some nasty sexual experimentation as well, I suddenly felt like crap to say the least.

So now what?

Several years of some heavy drug medication followed in the general aim to fight off the disease and keep the worse from happening. This basically translated into 48mg of Prednisone and 50mg of Azathioprine a day, the one being a cortical-steroid and the latter an immune-suppressant drug. The game was on but the effects that these drugs had on my body and physiology were immense, My muscles were in atrophy, body fat went up due to severe water retention, bio-markers all messed up and in general any attempt on body re-composition was a failure. As these were not enough I had to undergo four different surgeries in my eyes because of the side effects from the heavy drug use. Interestingly enough, the drugs used to cure me, managed to create a serious mess in my body. So two cataract surgeries were performed as well as an additional glaucoma surgery for the installment of a valve in my right eye to prevent ocular tension.

And that is just great..!

It was obvious to me that something had to change if I wanted to get my life back eventually and that something was nothing more than my mentality.

Human beings have an amazing amount of willpower that will come out in a time of need, after all we have survived some horrific shit through the ages. So the only thing holding me back from at least trying to fight my enemy was basically me.

Knowing your enemy is a prerequisite if you want to win a war so I ventured off in a journey of education of the science of human physiology in general. Clinical Nutrition and Exercise Science showed me the way to gain back my general state of well-being and health. Experimenting with specific nutritional and training protocols ever since, I managed to stay healthy and put the disease to sleep. My doctors were happy as the disease gradually declined and the drugs used could now be minimized and then stopped. The one thing my Doctors still do not know is that I ceased all medication by myself a couple of years ago and my only drugs were nutrition, training and tons of determination.

Let me now elaborate on my ”guide” on how to fight your disease and announce your personal declaration of war… at least this is how I chose to do it.

  • Education – Knowing your enemy is of paramount importance if you wish to come out victorious. After all we are talking about your own health so find the time to learn anything regarding your pathology, drugs, symptoms, effects, contradictions, holistic medicine or even nutrition and training and how it can help improve your condition. Let the doctors know that you mean business and their simple solutions of mere drug use are not enough… you want results.
  • Specificity – We are all unique beings so your approach in this fight must be unique. Any nutritional, protocol or drug related protocol you decide to use must be specifically designed on your own needs. What will work for others will most likely not work for you, so be specific. You are probably a patient of a particular disease so anything you utilize must be targeted to that particular case.
  • Experiment – There is no point in getting educated and specific if you are not willing to try out your new findings. This is quite enjoyable really as you become your own guinea pig and get to apply some real life science in your life. Moderation is always beneficial so do not go nuts on testing new feeding habits or training styles as you could end up fatigued or even more damaged. If something works use it and if not move on. Regular blood tests and other data here is required in order to assess your progress and keep everything in check. Regular visits to your physician and making him nuts on your new ideas is highly recommended. He will now see you mean business and hopefully will keep you in track.
  • Mental Focus - You now have all the tools needed to start your fight against disease but need to find the willpower for your battles. Look to find your motivation in any sort of way possible. You need to be extremely decisive and disciplined in your struggle, It is you against your own self at this point so you have to remain strong, disciplined and well motivated. Fighting disease is not easy and whatever the outcome you must keep on fighting it like there is no tomorrow. You will always fight and you will never quit… never… never… NEVER..!!
  • Declaration of War - Its time to command your army and allies to victory. You mean business and winning the war against disease is your life’s goal. There will be no deviations, you will always be motivated, disciplined and hungry for victory. Times of defeat might occur and distractions will appear, make no mistake, but it is your personal duty to your own self to remain focused on your goal of living a good and healthy life away from disease.

We live in a free world, or so we imagine, every human on this earth is entitled to freedom of speech and choice so it only logical for people to be allowed the option of fighting their disease with weapons that could be slightly against the mainstream medical industry. This article describes my journey in fighting my own syndrome and how it helped me regain my health. Relying on drugs may not always be the optimal solution and people will need to be aware of all possibilities that could aid them in their recovery.

In Conclusion

Fighting disease is a painful experience and as the world’s rates of autoimmune disease and other medical conditions rise, the medical industry must become more effective and aid people in their struggle or it will find itself with a big surprise. People will get educated and will find the solution one way or another. It is time to stop thinking only about the profits generated but of our overall health.

The war on disease is now on you are free to choose on how you fight it. Whatever your choice might be I only ask one thing of you…

Be Strong and Never Quit

Ayurveda Doshas Or Humors Are The Key For Health And Disease In Ayurvedic Medicine

Ayurveda doshas or humors play the central role in defining and managing both the health and disease in ayurvedic medicine. Ayurveda doshas or humors are three – Ayurveda Vata, Ayurveda Pitta and Ayurveda Kapha.

Health is the result of normal or balanced functioning of three ayurvedic humors. Whenever this dynamic equilibrium or balance is out of order, we are in the grip of disorders.

Each of the three ayurveda doshas are in turn governed by five primary natural elements – earth, water, fire, wind and ether. Ether and wind are dominant in ayurveda vata. Fire is dominant in ayurveda pitta. Ayurveda kapha has water and earth mainly.

According to ayurvedic principles, the physical part of our body has three main sets of structural and functional parts. First one is three ayurvedic doshas. Second is tissues and organs. And third part is metabolic waste materials that should be excreted out of body.

All these three parts of our physical body are essential but they are governed and affected by ayurveda doshas. The change in their structure and function can either lead to balance in three ayurveda humors or it can lead to imbalance. In short, they are chiefly responsible for our health and disease.

There are three another primary qualities of Consciousness that can be termed as psychological humors in Ayurveda. Satva stands for knowledge and wisdom and therefore it is not counted as psychological humor in Ayurveda.

Rajas stands for aggressive tendencies of mind. Tamas signifies all ignorance and inertia. These three psychological humors are active in all persons and it is the dominance of either one of them that characterizes our psychological nature.

Ayurveda bodily humors – Vata, Pitta and Kapha are connected with psychological humors. Their interlinking is reflected well in Body Mind medicine. The three psychological humors govern chiefly our feelings, emotions, attitude and behavior.

Charaka mentioned three main causes for the imbalance of three doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha and two psychological humors Rajas and Tamas. Actually this description includes all the cause of diseases – genetic, dietary, lifestyle, emotional, behavioral, spiritual and so on. Practically every cause is included in these three categories of causative agents.

First one is related to five cognitive senses and five executive senses. The use of these sense organs can be in three different ways. It can be excessive use, limited use and wrong use.

If we ponder over all things that can be had in this category, it would be astoundingly great figure. All of us carry our peculiar set of sensations that we like or dislike or we are comfortable with or uncomfortable.

The improper use consists of three types of use – excessive use, limited use and wrong use. Let us take the example of viewing TV. It is OK to see some of the good serials. Excessive use of TV and becoming a potato couch is definitely bad and harmful for health. Not viewing TV at all or very little can keep us limited of this wonderful resource of news, serials, stories, movies, entertainment, new debates, consensus and the like.

Second is the violation of principles of mind and intelligence. The principle of mind or intelligence is threefold. First one is decision making mind, second one is mind that can hold on the right decision and third one is the memory that supports the decision making and the perseverance of mind during the execution phase.

The improper use of the threefold intelligence occurs in three ways – excessive, minimal and wrong use.

The third type of violation is time bound. Time means day and night, weeks, fortnight, month, age, seasons, environmental conditions like climate, place like general, forests, hilly area, near ocean, icy mountains and likewise.

The improper use of time and place bound factors is also threefold like excessive, minimal use and wrong use.

Strenuous exercise by a child or old person or suddenly by anyone; not taking proper sleep; living in damp area, dark area and poorly ventilated home; unhygienic conditions; eating unripe fruits, eating too much preserved food are all examples of violations of time and place.

So we have found how ayurveda doshas are related deeply with our health and disorders, with our body and with our mind. We have touched the violations that cause imbalance of bodily and psychological humors and how we can help ourselves by being aware and informed of these violations. This practical wisdom of Ayurveda guides our moment to moment living so that we make wise decisions and enjoy greater and better health of body and mind.

Innovative Animal Health Research Identifies Links Between Nutrition and Disease

“You are what you eat,” so the saying goes. And just as your diet affects your health, what your pets eat also influences their disease risk.

Morris Animal Foundation’s (MAF) founder, Dr. Mark Morris Sr., recognized the connection between health and nutrition in the early 1940s, long before diet and nutrition were everyday topics. In fact, he was one of the first veterinarians to use diet to control disease. His innovation led to nearly 100 Foundation-funded studies-so far-that have improved the dietary health and decreased disease risk for pets, horses and wildlife.

One of Dr. Morris’s first patients was Buddy, who was among the first guide dogs in the United States. Buddy suffered from kidney failure, and his owner, Morris Frank, then the national ambassador for the Seeing Eye, sought Dr. Morris’s advice. Dr. Morris created a special diet for Buddy that dramatically improved the dog’s health, and soon he and his wife, Louise, were canning the food in their kitchen. When they couldn’t keep up with escalating demand, they partnered with the Hill Packing Company to produce what later became the first Hill’s Prescription Diet.

Dr. Morris used the royalties from that diet to create MAF, and the first two studies MAF funded in 1950 looked at nutrition in cats and dogs. Since that time, hundreds of scientific animal research studies-funded by MAF and others-have proven what Dr. Morris suspected so long ago: nutrition and disease are inextricably linked.

“The role of health and nutrition has infiltrated the media-hardly a day goes by without a report on the latest research about how nutrition causes or prevents disease in people,” says Dr. Kathryn Michel, one of only 54 members of the American College of Veterinary Nutrition. “As people become more educated about the importance of a good diet for themselves, they transfer that knowledge to their animals.”

Dr. Michel notes that insufficient nutrients in a pet’s diet can cause serious health conditions, such as orthopedic and neurological issues. She adds that veterinarians see cardiomyopathy in cats that is related to deficiency of the amino acid taurine as well as in dogs that don’t get the right amounts of essential amino acids. MAF has funded a number of studies that have looked at the role of amino acids in maintaining good health.

On the flip side, too much food can harm. Sadly, an estimated 30 to 40 percent of pets are overweight, and 25 percent are considered obese, according to the American Animal Hospital Association. Those extra pounds cause a host of additional health issues.

Dr. Joe Bartges, professor of medicine and nutrition at the University of Tennessee and former chair of the Foundation’s Scientific Advisory Board, says obesity is directly or indirectly linked to respiratory problems, diabetes, osteoarthritis, ligament tears, hypertension, urinary stones, surgical and anesthetic risks, heat intolerance and even cancer.

Perhaps most important, extra weight shortens lives. Results of a 14-year study, published recently in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, showed that Labrador retrievers fed 25 percent less than their siblings lived about 15 percent longer, and the age at which they required medical treatment for osteoarthritis or another chronic condition was delayed by two to three years. This study showed, for the first time, that even a few extra pounds have detrimental health effects. The good news is that proper nutrition can combat disease.

A recent Purdue University study showed that Scottish terriers given vegetables, such as baby carrots, at least three times a week had a 70 percent lower chance of developing bladder cancer. An MAF-funded study earlier this decade showed that a high-protein diet could help cats with diabetes lose weight and reduce or eliminate their need for insulin. Other studies MAF has funded linked nutritional factors to diseases in many species or determined the optimal levels of certain nutrients.

For example, Dr. Bartges is currently using Foundation funding to evaluate whether a high-fiber diet supplemented with potassium citrate can prevent the development of a painful type of urinary stone whose frequency is on the rise. Another study at the University of Minnesota is looking at whether cats with increased concentrations of purine metabolites are more likely to develop urate stones. The information would help to develop more effective therapies.

“There is absolutely no question that health is directly affected by diet, but we still have a huge amount to learn,” Dr. Michel says.

That’s why MAF will keep funding research that gives veterinarians and pet owners the information they need to make good nutritional decisions for their pets-and helps wild animals lead longer, healthier lives.